knock

knock knock verb ›› AT DOOR / WINDOW 门窗 1. [V] knock (at / on sth) to hit a door, etc. firmly in order to attract attention • 敲;击 【SYN】 rap :
»He knocked seven times and waited.
他敲了三下门就等着。
»Somebody was knocking on the window.
有人在敲窗户。
›› HIT 击 2. knock (sth) (against / on sth) to hit sth, often by accident, with a short, hard blow • (常为无意地)碰,撞: ▪ [VN]
»Be careful you donˈt knock your head on this low beam.
小心,别把头撞在这矮梁上。
▪ [V]
»Her hand knocked against the glass.
她的手碰了玻璃杯。
3. to put sb / sth into a particular state by hitting them / it • 把…撞击成(某种状态): ▪ [VN-ADJ]
»The blow knocked me flat.
那一拳把我打倒在地。
»He was knocked senseless by the blow.
他被一拳打得不省人事。
▪ [VN -ing]
»She knocked my drink flying.
她把我的饮料打翻了。
▪ [VN +adv. / prep.]
»The ten rooms had been knocked into six (= the wall between them had been knocked down).
那两间屋子打通了,成为一间屋。
--› note at hit 4. [VN , usually +adv. / prep.] to hit sth so that it moves or breaks • 打掉;敲动;打破:
»Heˈd knocked over a glass of water.
他打翻了一杯水。
»I knocked the nail into the wall.
我把钉子钉进墙里。
»They had to knock the door down to get in.
他们不得不破门而入。
»The boys were knocking (= kicking) a ball around in the back yard.
男孩们在后院踢球玩儿。
»(figurative) The criticism had knocked (= damaged) her self-esteem.
这一批评伤了她的自尊心。
--› note at hit 5. [VN +adv. / prep.] to make a hole in sth by hitting it hard • 打,凿(洞):
»They managed to knock a hole in the wall.
他们设法在墙上凿了个洞。
›› OF HEART / KNEES 心;膝盖 6. [V] if your heart knocks, it beats hard; if your knees knock, they shake, for example from fear • (心)怦怦跳;(膝盖)打哆嗦:
»My heart was knocking wildly.
我的心怦怦直跳。
›› OF ENGINE / PIPES 发动机;管子 7. [V] to make a regular sound of metal hitting metal, especially because there is sth wrong • (尤指因故障)发碰撞声,嘭嘭作响 ›› CRITICIZE 批评 8. [VN] (informal) to criticize sb / sth, especially when it happens unfairly • (不公平地)批评;贬责;挑剔;非难:
»The newspapers are always knocking the England team.
报纸总是攻击英格兰队。
»ˈPlastics?ˈ ˈ Donˈt knock it —thereˈs a great future in plastics.ˈ
"塑料?" "别说它不好——塑料的前景大着呢。"
【IDIOMS】 Iˈll knock your ˈblock / ˈhead off! • (BrE, informal) used to threaten sb that you will hit them • (威胁要打人)我非揍你不可,我要揍扁你 knock sb ˈdead •(informal) to impress sb very much • 使某人倾倒:
»You look fabulous—youˈll knock ˈem dead tonight.
你看上去漂亮极了——今晚肯定把他们迷倒。
knock sb / sth into a cocked ˈhat (BrE) • to be very much better than sb / sth • 远远胜过某人(或事物);大大超过;使相形见绌 knock it ˈoff! • (informal) used to tell sb to stop making a noise, annoying you, etc. • 别吵了;别烦人了 knock sb off their ˈpedestal / ˈperch • to make sb lose their position as sb / sth successful or admired • 使某人丧失名位 knock sth on the ˈhead (BrE, informal) • to stop sth from happening; to stop doing sth • 阻止某事发生;停止做某事:
»The recession knocked on the head any idea of expanding the company.
经济衰退使扩展公司的任何想法都化为泡影。
ˌknock on ˈwood (NAmE) = touch wood at touch v. knock sb ˈsideways •(informal) to surprise or shock sb so much that they are unable to react immediately • 使某人惊讶得不知所措(或目瞪口呆) knock ˈspots off sb / sth (BrE, informal) • to be very much better than sb / sth • 远远胜过某人(事物);大大超过;使相形见绌 knock the ˈstuffing out of sb •(informal) to make sb lose their confidence and enthusiasm • 使某人丧失信心(或委靡不振) you could have knocked me down with a ˈfeather • (informal) used to express surprise • (表示惊奇) --› more at daylights , head n., hell , sense n., shape n., six , sock n. 【PHR V】 ˌknock aˈround... (BrE also ˌknock aˈbout...) (informal) 1. to travel and live in various places • 漫游:
»He spent a few years knocking around Europe.
他花了几年时间漫游欧洲。
2. used to say that sth is in a place but you do not know exactly where • (表示某物在一个地方但不知确切位置):
»It must be knocking around here somewhere.
它肯定在这儿某个地方。
ˌknock aˈround with sb / together (BrE also ˌknock aˈbout with sb / together) (informal) • to spend a lot of time with sb / together • 常与某人交往(或做伴) ˌknock sb / sth aˈround (BrE also ˌknock sb / sth aˈbout) (informal) • to hit sb / sth repeatedly; to treat sb / sth roughly • 接连敲击某人(物);粗暴对待 ˌknock sb ˈback 1. (BrE) to prevent sb from achieving sth or making progress, especially by rejecting them or sth that they suggest or ask • 阻碍,妨碍(某人取得成果或进步,尤指以回绝方式) --› related noun knock-back 2. (BrE) to surprise or shock sb • 使某人大吃一惊(或感到惊讶):
»Hearing the news really knocked me back.
听到这消息着实让我大吃一惊。
ˌknock sb ˈback sth (BrE, informal) • to cost sb a lot of money • 用掉某人一大笔钱:
»That house must have knocked them back a bit.
那房子一定花了他们不少钱。
ˌknock sth∽ˈback (informal) • to drink sth quickly, especially an alcoholic drink • 很快喝掉(酒等) ˌknock sb ˈdown (from sth) (to sth) (informal) • to persuade sb to reduce the price of sth • 说服…降价;使降价;杀价:
»I managed to knock him down to $400.
我设法让他把价格降到了 400 元。
ˌknock sb∽ˈdown / ˈover • to hit sb and make them fall to the ground • 打倒(或击倒、撞倒)某人:
»She was knocked down by a bus.
她被一辆公共汽车撞倒在地。
»He knocked his opponent down seven times in the first round.
他第一局就将对手击倒三次。
ˌknock sth∽ˈdown • to destroy a building by breaking its walls • 推倒(或拆掉、拆毁)建筑物 【SYN】 demolish :
»These old houses are going to be knocked down.
这些旧房子要拆了。
ˌknock sth∽ˈdown (from sth) (to sth) (informal) • to reduce the price of sth • 减价;降价:
»He knocked down the price from $80 to $50.
他把价格从 80 元降到了 50 元。
--› see also knock-down ˌknock ˈoff | ˌknock ˈoff sth (informal) • to stop doing sth, especially work • 停止某事;中断某事;(尤指)下班,收工:
»Do you want to knock off early today?
你今天想早点歇工吗?
»What time do you knock off work?
你什么时候下班?
»Letˈs knock off for lunch.
咱们收工吃午饭吧。
ˌknock sb∽ˈoff (slang) • to murder sb • 杀死(或干掉、除掉、结果)某人 ˌknock sth∽ˈoff 1. (informal) to complete sth quickly and without much effort • 迅速而轻松地完成:
»He knocks off seven novels a year.
他一年赶出三部小说。
2. (BrE, slang) to steal sth; to steal from a place • 偷(东西);抢劫(某处):
»to knock off a video recorder
偷录像机
»to knock off a bank
抢劫银行
ˌknock sth∽ˈoff | ˌknock sth∽ˈoff sth • to reduce the price or value of sth • 降价;减价;使贬值:
»They knocked off $60 because of a scratch.
因为有擦痕他们将价格降了 60 元。
»The news knocked 13% off the companyˈs shares.
这消息使公司股价下跌 13%。
ˌknock sb∽ˈout 1. to make sb fall asleep or become unconscious • 使入睡;使昏睡;使不省人事:
»The blow knocked her out.
这一击把她打昏了。
2. (in boxing 拳击运动) to hit an opponent so that they cannot get up within a limited time and therefore lose the fight • 击败对手 --› related noun knockout 3. (informal) to surprise and impress sb very much • 使大吃一惊;使倾倒;给某人留下深刻印象:
»The movie just knocked me out.
这电影着实令我赞叹不已。
--› related noun knockout ˌknock sb / yourself ˈout • to make sb / yourself very tired • 使筋疲力尽;使疲惫不堪 【SYN】 wear out ˌknock sb∽ˈout (of sth) • to defeat sb so that they cannot continue competing • 把…淘汰出(比赛) 【SYN】 eliminate :
»England had been knocked out of the World Cup.
英格兰队已被淘汰出世界杯足球赛。
--› see also knockout ˌknock sth∽ˈout (informal) • to produce sth, especially quickly and easily • 完成;快速而轻易地做成:
»He knocks out nine books a year.
他一年轻松写出五本书。
ˌknock sb∽ˈover = knock sb down ˌknock sth∽toˈgether 1. (informal) to make or complete sth quickly and often not very well • 草草做成;匆匆拼凑成:
»I knocked some bookshelves together from old planks.
我用旧木板拼拼凑凑做了些书架。
2. (BrE) to make ten rooms or buildings into six by removing the wall between them • 把两间屋(或两座建筑物)打通:
»The house consists of ten cottages knocked together.
这房子是将两栋小屋的隔墙打通合二为一的。
ˌknock ˈup (in tennis , etc. 网球等) • to practise for a short time before the start of a game • 赛前练习 ˌknock sb∽ˈup 1. (BrE, informal) to wake sb by knocking on their door • 敲门唤醒某人 2. (informal, especially NAmE) to make a woman pregnant • 使怀孕 ˌknock sth∽ˈup • to prepare or make sth quickly and without much effort • 迅速准备好;快速并轻易做成:
»She knocked up a meal in two minutes.
她十分钟就做好了一顿饭。
noun ›› AT DOOR / WINDOW 门窗 1. the sound of sb hitting a door, window, etc. with their hand or with sth hard to attract attention • 敲击声;敲门(或窗等)声:
»There was a knock on / at the door.
有敲门声。
›› HIT 击 2. a sharp blow from sth hard • 捶击;敲击;撞击 【SYN】 bang :
»He got a nasty knock on the head.
他头部遭到重重一击。
take a (hard, nasty, etc.) ˈknock • to have an experience that makes sb / sth less confident or successful; to be damaged • 遭受(重大等)挫折;受到(沉重等)打击;受到(严重等)破坏
* * *
[nɔk]
v. 敲, 敲打, 敲擊, (使)碰撞
n. 敲, 擊, 敲打

English-Chinese dictionary. 2013.

Synonyms:
(as at a door), / , , , , , (as at a door), , , , ,


Look at other dictionaries:

  • knock — ► VERB 1) strike a surface noisily to attract attention. 2) collide forcefully with. 3) force to move or fall with a collision or blow. 4) make (a hole, dent, etc.) in something by striking it. 5) informal criticize. 6) (of a motor) make a… …   English terms dictionary

  • knock — [näk] vi. [ME knokken < OE cnocian, akin to ON knoka, MHG knochen, to press < echoic base > KNACK] 1. to strike a blow or blows with the fist or some hard object; esp., to rap on a door 2. to bump; collide; clash 3. to make a thumping,… …   English World dictionary

  • Knock — (n[o^]k), v. t. 1. To strike with something hard or heavy; to move by striking; to drive (a thing) against something; as, to knock a ball with a bat; to knock the head against a post; to knock a lamp off the table. [1913 Webster] When heroes… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Knock — (n[o^]k), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Knocked} (n[o^]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Knocking}.] [OE. knoken, AS. cnocian, cnucian; prob. of imitative origin; cf. Sw. knacka. Cf. {Knack}.] 1. To drive or be driven against something; to strike against something;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Knock — ist der Name einer Landschaft in der Nähe von Emden, siehe: Knock (Ostfriesland) eines Marienwallfahrtsortes in Irland, County Mayo, siehe Knock (County Mayo) des in der Nähe gelegenen Flughafens Knock (Ireland West Airport Knock) eines Ortes in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Knock — Knock, n. 1. A blow; a stroke with something hard or heavy; a jar. [1913 Webster] 2. A stroke, as on a door for admittance; a rap. A knock at the door. Longfellow. [1913 Webster] A loud cry or some great knock. Holland. [1913 Webster] {Knock off} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Knock — Knock. Knock es una localidad de Irlanda situada en el condado de Mayo, provincia de Connacht, en la costa oeste de la isla. Tiene cerca de 600 habitantes. Es famosa porque se dice que aquí se aparecieron la Virgen María, san José, Jesús en forma …   Wikipedia Español

  • Knock-on — may refer to: *Knock on electron *Knock on (rugby) *Knock on effect …   Wikipedia

  • knock up — 1660s in sense of arouse by knocking at the door, from KNOCK (Cf. knock) (v.). However it is little used in this sense in American English, where the phrase means get a woman pregnant (1813), possibly ultimately from knock to copulate with… …   Etymology dictionary

  • knock — [n1] pushing, striking beating, blow, box, clip, conk, cuff, hammering, hit, injury, lick, rap, slap, smack, swat, swipe, thump, whack; concept 189 knock [n2] strong criticism blame, censure, condemnation, defeat, failure, flak, pan, rap, rebuff …   New thesaurus

  • knock in — [phrasal verb] knock (a run or runner) in or knock in (a run or runner) baseball : to cause (a run or runner) to score He knocked in [=batted in, drove in] a run in the second inning with a double to left field. • • • Main Entry: ↑knock …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.